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Sostanze critiche nei tappeti
Posted by Aurora Magni on 04/02/2019 - 0 commenti - view count: 244
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Dopo ‘sai cosa ti metti?’ la domanda giusta da fare è ‘sai su cosa cammini?’  

Se l’è posta Anthesis Consulting che nel marzo 2018 ha pubblicato lo studio Toxics in carpet in the European Union realizzato per European Public Health Alliance e Health and Environment Alliance in cui si evidenzia la presenza di oltre 59 sostanze chimiche tossiche nelle pavimentazioni tessili acquistate in Europa ed analizzate, tra queste ftalati e PFAS.  Il rapporto sottolinea la necessità che si assicuri la sicurezza chimica dei materiali evitando l’utilizzo di sostanze critiche, alcune cancerogene ed interferenti endocrini, nelle lavorazioni e che si applichino logiche di eco design per favorire il riciclo a fine vita dei tappeti. Si ricorda inoltre l’importanza del principio di responsabilità del produttore sulla destinazione post consumo dei prodotti ( Extended Producer Responsibility -EPR).

Risultati allarmanti anche da successivi  studi di ottobre 2018 sempre sui prodotti in circolazione nel mercato Europeo e di dicembre 2018 riferito a materiali in vendita negli USA. Anche questi approfondimenti, curati da Changing Marketi Fondation in collaborazione con istituti di ricerca, hanno evidenziato la presenza di sostanze critiche nei campioni analizzati, condizione che rende difficile il riciclo dei materiali a fine vita.

Si tratta in altri termini di estendere gli approcci preventivi ormai applicati nel fashion sempre più attento alla sicurezza chimica, ai materiali tessili cosiddetti tecnici. 

 

A conclusione i rapporti  segnalano le certificazioni ambientali di riferimento per le pavimentazioni tessili:

GUT (Gemeinschaft Umweltfreundlicher Teppichboden) Founded by leading European carpet manufacturers in 1990, GUT is the only certification meant solely for carpets. A large proportion of carpets sold in the EU are certified under GUT. It has a fairly limited scope for regulating chemicals; just 13 of 59 identified in the Anthesis report are banned or limited by GUT.60

Blue Angel Internationally used ecolabel, administered by the German federal government, covering materials used during manufacture, use, and disposal. Has an extensive scope for regulating chemicals (34 of 44 chemicals identified in the HBN report are banned under Blue Angel).

Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI) Green Label Plus Industry label from the US CRI. Launched in 1992, the CRI Green Label focuses solely on the emission of VOCs, and is used internationally. According to Healthy Building Network (HBN) research, just one of the 44 identified chemicals is part of the testing for this certification

Cradle-2-Cradle (C2C) A multi-attribute, continuous-improvement methodology that evaluates a company’s products, systems, and operations. Acknowledged internationally, the certification is awarded at five levels (Basic, Bronze, Silver, Gold, and Platinum), and is administered by the NGO Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute. Of the 44 chemicals identified by HBN, eight are banned or limited under C2C at the Silver level

Nordic Swan Voluntary ecolabelling system that covers manufacture, use, and disposal of floor coverings, including carpet. Applies to Scandinavian countries: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. Nordic Swan bans or limits an extensive list of chemicals. It also bans the use of PVC.

NSF/ANSI 140: Sustainability Assessment for Carpet Run by NSF International, this certification is based on life-cycle assessment principles and offers three levels of achievement: Silver, Gold, and Platinum. It primarily focuses on volatile organic compounds (VOCs). It restricts the use of long-chain PFAS—but not the shorter-chain alternatives.

Red List Declare Label The Living Building Challenge (LBC) is an initiative from the International Living Future Institute. It is a building-certification program that includes a requirement to avoid a specified “Red List” of hazardous chemicals in all products used to construct the building. The Declare label is a transparency label whereby companies disclose chemicals used in their product. The product is categorized on the Declare label as either “Declared,” “Red List Compliant,” or “Red List Free.” According to the HBN, the Red List contains 21 of 44 chemicals identified as high risk in carpet.

CRI Green Label Plus Industry label from the US Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI). Launched in 1992, the CRI Green Label focuses on the emission of VOCs, and is used internationally.

BREEAM (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method) International scheme that provides certification relating to the sustainability performance of individual buildings, communities and infrastructure projects. Assessment/certification can take place at a number of stages, from design and construction to operation and refurbishment.


  
Posted by Aurora Magni on 04/02/2019
Filed under studi/ricerche

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